A royal decree announced the establishment of the Allegiance Institution, which comprises:
1) Sons of King Abdulaziz Al-Saud, the founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia;
2) Grandsons of King Abdulaziz whose fathers are deceased, incapacitated (as determined by a medical report) or otherwise unwilling to assume the throne. Members appointed by the King must be capable and known for their integrity.
3) A son of the King and a son of the Crown Prince, both to be appointed by the King. They should be capable and known for their integrity.
If a vacancy arises on the Allegiance Institution committee, the King will appoint a new member in accordance with Sections 2 and 3 of this Article.
The Allegiance Institution shall exercise its duties in accordance with this Law, as well as with the Basic Law of Governance.
The Allegiance Institution will abide by the teachings of the Qur’an and the Sunnah. It will also preserve the state’s entity, protect the Royal Family’s unity and cooperation as well as the national unity and the interests of the people.
The Allegiance Institution will be based in Riyadh and will hold its meetings at the Royal Court. It may convene at any of the Royal Court’s locations within the Kingdom subject to the King’s approval, or at any location specified by the King.
Members and Secretary-General will swear an oath before the King prior to assuming their duties. The oath is as follows:
I swear to Allah the Almighty to be loyal to my religion, King and country and not to divulge any of the country’s secrets. I also swear that I will preserve the interests and laws of my country, protect the Royal Family’s unity and cooperation and my country’s national unity, as well as performing the duties assigned to me with all truthfulness, integrity, dedication and fairness.
If the King dies, the Allegiance Institution will pledge allegiance to the Crown Prince in accordance with this Law and the Basic Law of Governance.
A. After consultation with the members of the Allegiance Institution, the King will choose one, two or three candidates for the position of Crown Prince. He will present his nominees before the Allegiance Institution, which is required to designate one of them as Crown Prince. In the event the committee rejects all of the nominees, it will name a Crown Prince whom it considers to be suitable.
B. The King may ask the Allegiance Institution to nominate a suitable Crown Prince at any time.
In the event that the King rejects the committee’s nominee, the Allegiance Institution will hold a vote to choose between the King’s candidate and its own in accordance with Sections A and B of this Article. The nominee who secures the majority of votes will be named Crown Prince.
The nominee for Crown Prince should satisfy the conditions set forth in Section B of Article 5 of the Basic Law of Governance.
The appointment of a new Crown Prince must be completed within 30 days of the accession of a new King in accordance with Article 7.
The Allegiance Institution will set up a five-member Transitory Ruling Council which will temporarily assume the running of State affairs as provided for in this Law.
The Transitory Ruling Council will not have the right to amend the Basic Law of Governance, this Law, the Council of Ministers Law, the Shoura Council Law, the Law of the Provinces, the National Security Council Law or any other laws that are linked to the rule. It will not have the right to dissolve or reshuffle the Cabinet or the Shoura Council.
During the transition period, the Transitory Ruling Council should also protect the State’s unity and laws in addition to its internal and external interests.
In the event the Allegiance Institution is convinced that the King is incapable of carrying out his duties for health reasons, it will issue a request to a medical committee in accordance with this Law to prepare a report on the condition of the King’s health.
If the report finds that the King’s inability to exercise his power is temporary, the Allegiance Institution will certify this finding and power will be temporarily transferred to the Crown Prince until the King recovers. If the King informs the Allegiance Institution’s chairman in writing that he has recovered and the Allegiance Institution is convinced as such, it will authorize the medical committee to prepare a report on the King’s health within 24 hours. If the medical report finds that the King is capable of exercising his powers, the Allegiance Institution will certify this finding and the King will resume his powers.
If the medical report finds that the King’s inability to exercise his powers is permanent, the Allegiance Institution will certify that finding and invite the Crown Prince to assume the position of King of the country after receiving pledges of allegiance. These procedures must be carried out in accordance with this Law and with the Basic Law of Governance within 24 hours.
If the Allegiance Institution finds that both the King and the Crown Prince are not capable of exercising their powers for health reasons, it will ask the medical committee to prepare a report on the health conditions of both. If the report finds that their incapacitations are temporary, the Allegiance Institution will certify that finding.
In this situation, the Transitory Ruling Council will assume administration of the affairs of State and oversee the interests of the people until either the King or the Crown Prince recovers. If either the King or the Crown Prince informs the Allegiance Institution in writing that he has recovered, and if the Allegiance Institution is convinced as such, it will request that the medical committee prepare a report within 24 hours. If the report finds that either the King or the Crown Prince is capable of exercising his powers then the Allegiance Institution will certify that finding, and the individual in question will resume exercising his powers.
If the medical report finds that the King and Crown Prince are permanently incapacitated, then the Allegiance Institution will certify as such, and the Transitory Ruling Council will assume administration of the State. The Allegiance Institution will select a suitable candidate from among the sons or grandsons of King Abdulaziz Al-Saud within seven days and call on him to take over as the King of the country in accordance with this Law and the Basic Law of Governance.
If the King and the Crown Prince die simultaneously, the Allegiance Institution will select a suitable candidate for governance from among the sons or grandsons of King Abdulaziz Al-Saud. It will call for a pledge of allegiance to the new King in accordance with this Law and the Basic Law of Governance. The Transitory Ruling Council will then take over administration of the affairs of State until the new King ascends the throne.
The medical committee will include:
1) The supervisor of the Royal Clinics;
2) The medical director of the King Faisal Specialist Hospital;.
3) Three medical college deans, to be selected by the Allegiance Institute.
The medical committee shall issue the medical reports mentioned in this Law. It may, at its discretion, seek assistance from any doctors as it deems appropriate.
The Allegiance Institution will be chaired by the eldest son of King Abdulaziz, with the second oldest brother as his deputy. In case neither is available, it will be chaired by the eldest grandson of King Abdulaziz.
All meetings of the Allegiance Institution will be held behind closed doors, after the King’s approval. The meetings will be attended exclusively by the members of the Allegiance Institution, its Secretary-General and its rapporteur. With the King’s approval, the Institution may invite individuals to provide explanations or information at the meetings, but those individuals will not have the right to vote.
The Chairman of the Allegiance Institution will call meetings in accordance with Articles 6, 11, 12 and 13 of this Law.
All members should attend the meetings and should not leave before the conclusion of any meeting without the permission of the chairman. If a member is unable to attend the meeting, he should inform the chairman as such in writing.
The chairman opens and closes the meetings, moderates discussion, gives permission to members to speak, determines the agenda, ends discussions and presents issues for vote.
A new item can be included in the agenda with the approval of ten members.
For any meeting to be valid it should have a quorum of two-thirds of the members of the Institution, including its chairman or his deputy.
In accordance with Article 7, the Institution will approve its decisions with the consent of the majority of members present. In the event of a tie, the chairman will cast the deciding vote. In emergency situations in which the quorum has not been met, meetings may be held with half of the members present. Decisions may be passed with the approval of two-thirds of the members present.
For each meeting there should be a record that indicates the time and location of the meeting; the name of its chairman; the names of members present; the names of absent members and the reasons for their absence, if any; the name of the Secretary-General; the summary of discussion; the number of yea and nay votes; the result of the vote and the full text of the decisions.
The record should show whether the meeting was postponed or adjourned, and if so, the time when this took place. The record should also include anything that the chairman deems necessary. It should be signed by the chairman, present members and the Secretary-General.
Votes by the Allegiance Institution will be cast by secret ballot in accordance with a form to be prepared for this purpose.
Members of the Allegiance Institution may only review the agenda and all pertinent documents at the location in which the meeting is convened, and will not be permitted to remove any documents from the meeting hall.
The King appoints the Secretary-General who will assume the responsibilities of inviting members of the Allegiance Institution, supervising the process of preparing minutes and decisions and announcing the results of its meetings as decided by the chairman. After obtaining the King’s approval, the Secretary-General may seek assistance as he sees fit.
The King will appoint a deputy to the Secretary-General to take over during the Secretary-General’s absence.
The provisions of this Law will be amended by Royal Decree after approval of the Allegiance Institution.