Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz yesterday chaired the regular weekly meeting of the Council of Ministers, and referred to the unification of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia by King Abdul Aziz [on September 23, 1932] as a model for nation-building, calling it the day which led to the appearance of a modern Muslim Arab state, a country that assumed, and still assumes, a positive role in serving the Arab world; Islam and Muslims worldwide; and the international community in general.
King Fahd stated that the emergence of the Saudi state over 250 years ago was an important historical event. In 1744 the first Saudi state came into existence as a result of the renowned agreement between Muhammad Bin Saud and the reformist scholar Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab.
Information Minister Dr. Fouad Al-Farsi reported that King Fahd reviewed in detail the phases of the foundation of the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, attributing its success to God’s mercy, and then to the efforts of King Abdul Aziz and his followers, who regained the throne of his ancestors and began the historic unification process with the conquest of Riyadh [in 1902]. King Abdul Aziz laid out the essentials of the new society, eliminating crime and its root causes, extending assistance to all Arab countries seeking independence, rejecting colonialism and transforming rural areas into stable agricultural communities.
Listing the achievements accomplished by the founder of Saudi Arabia, King Fahd said that King Abdul Aziz introduced into his country the concept of telecommunications, and created new written systems derived from Shariah (Islamic Law), thus laying the foundation for a new system of government and then developing it by working out the system of the Council of Ministers. Furthermore, King Abdul Aziz oversaw the search for underground water in the desert, devised regulations covering labor and the workforce, and laid the base for comprehensive education and health services free of charge for all citizens. In addition, he followed up on the details of international policy because of his belief that his country is part of the wide world, and contributed to the founding of the League of Arab States, calling for Arab cooperation and Islamic solidarity. Thanks to his zeal, Saudi Arabia was a founding member of the United Nations Organization, and has taken an active part in many international events. King Fahd emphasized that the stance adopted by King Abdul Aziz has been carried on by his sons, Saud, Faisal, Khalid, and now King Fahd himself, who voiced the hope that these efforts of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will continue so that it can fulfill its mission and undertake its duties in the service of the Two Holy Mosques and for the realization of a high standard of living and prosperity for all citizens.
Turning to the occupation of the Palestinian territories by Israel, King Fahd remarked on the great tasks carried out by King Abdul Aziz in defense of Palestine and the Palestinian people. In this connection, King Fahd confirmed that Saudi Arabia will continue to support the process of a just and comprehensive peace in accordance with the Madrid conference, the principle of land-for-peace, and the international legitimacy of UN resolutions 242, 228, and 425; and also to support negotiations on the Syrian and Lebanese tracks.