Crown Prince Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz, Deputy Prime Minister and Commander of the National Guard, today returned from Cairo where, on behalf of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz, he led the Saudi delegation to the emergency Arab Summit Conference.
[See full text of communique issued at end of Cairo Summit]
Prior to the conference, Foreign Minister Prince Saud Al-Faisal spoke on Cairo television and radio, stating that the idea of convening the summit was initiated by Custodian of the two Holy Mosques King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz (through his deputy Crown Prince Abdullah) and by Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Syrian President Hafez Al-Assad. Prince Saud said that the positive response shown by the Arab leaders clearly reflected their feelings of unison, adding: "Moreover, this is a natural development in the light of a statement voiced recently by the Israeli government prompting concern about the fate of the peace process. This Arab summit conference provides clear evidence of the view of all Arab states that peace is a strategic option, and that this peace is threatened". The Saudi Foreign Minister went on to say that it is hoped that there will be an international response to affirm that the peace process will go ahead unchallenged, and made clear that there should be no regress from the agreement already reached between the Arab countries and Israel, and that moreover, there should be a guarantee of continuity of the peace process in line with the Madrid Peace Conference and the principle of land-for-peace. Prince Saud reiterated: "I do believe that all the Arab countries have identical views in this regard."
The Summit resulted in two resolutions. One is approval in principle for the establishment of an Arab Court of Justice with a Code of Honor for Arab security and cooperation, together with Arab League machinery for settlement and prevention of inter-Arab disputes. The other is authorization for the Arab League Economic and Social Council to take the necessary measures to accelerate procedures for setting up an Arab Free Trade Zone in accordance with a working program and a timetable to be agreed on at a later date. The leaders further authorized the foreign ministers to complete the wording of these two charters, and submit them to the next Arab Summit meeting.